A JUDGMENT ON HISTORY—THE WAR 13 threat that nothing shall be left of himself, of his personal and intimate life, no freedom for his spiritual life or his creative thought. He is submerged in huge collectives, subject to non- human commandments. It is demanded of man that he give himself up without reserve, to society, the state, the race, the class, the nation. In this connection the world war and the revolutionary processes which have followed it have a metaphysical significance for the fate of man. The very fundamentals of human existence are being shaken. The war was a revelation of the evil, the hatred and jealousy which had been accumulating in mankind: it objectivized the evil which had previously remained hidden, if the expression is permissible, subjective rather than objective. The war revealed the personality of our civilization. It mobilized action, but evil action, rather than good. " Everything for the war/' The war was its own sort of com- munism, of fascism. It cheapened human life, it taught man to take no thought for human life and personality, to consider them as means and instruments in the hands of the fatality of history. And since the war, humanity remains mobilizeck it continues to do its military service, it is plunged to the depths in external things: society, the state, nationality, class. Man is made part of the objective world, and is no longer permittee!